Health

Liver Transplant: Its Necessity, Conditions For Transplant And Ineligibility

The proper functioning of liver is quite essential for the overall health aspect of a human being. Liver helps the human body in digestion of food, filtration of toxins out of the blood, production of vital hormones as well as proteins, and for letting a human stay alive! It is quite a fortunate phenomenon that in humans the liver organ has got a miraculous ability to get repaired itself. It may get damaged while it is exposed to virus, harmful toxins, and unfriendly bacterial infections. Having said that, liver has the ability to automatically repair itself; how so ever, if a liver gets damaged to a certain level of extensiveness then self-repair by the liver itself becomes an impossibility.

How Liver Gets Damaged

If such a case occurs, then the medical practitioners have no way left out with them to correct the deterioration of the liver once it crosses the cutoff extensiveness. The best one can hope in this condition is to stop the furtherance of damage done to other parts of the body. In the extreme cases of Liver damage, a patient requires the need of getting a healthy liver transplant from another person just for his survival. Regrettably, these kind of surgeries which involve the transplantation of liver from a healthy person to a person whose liver has got deteriorated beyond limit is quite expensive and is only accessible to such persons who are eligible with certain criteria.

What Is The Eligibility Of Getting A Damaged Liver Transplanted?

Healthy liver is obtained from dead people who had voluntarily agreed to get their bodies donated after their death while they were still alive. Some countries’ laws even allow the donation of liver from an alive and healthy person provided that he meets certain criteria. Liver donation involves the transportation of a small part of the liver from a healthy person.

The Donation of Liver for Transplantation

This donation of a small part of the liver from a healthy person makes it possible that both of the people – the donator as well as the receiver of that donated part; are able to live. Despite the availability of this new age organ donation technology the numerocity of people who require new liver portions for themselves to live and the people available to donate their portion of liver do not match. It is because of the reason that the number of donors is far lesser than the number of people who require them.

It is because of this prevailing reason that the hospitals are forced to effectively ration the resources available to them. Hence, the hospitals perform the transplantation operation of liver only on those patients the probability of survival of whom is substantial. There is a theory in the medical sciences which postulates that the medical resources should be spent on only those people who are more likely to properly benefit from the resources. Hence, because of this reason priority while transplanting the liver is provided to those people who are within the urgent danger of death if they don’t take up the undergoing of operation.

Ineligibility Of A Person For Liver Transplant Operation

Ineligibility of a person could be declared if he is having a condition which is probably going to make the operational procedure of liver transplant unsuccessful. Such kind of conditions maybe:

The liver cancer causing tumorous cells might have spread all through the body.

The person affected might be an addict of drugs or alcohol.

The concerned person might be having some fatal diseases such as human immuno virus or a one step further that is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

The concerned person might be having a heart disease or a lung condition.

A brain injury might also be the reason that a medical practitioner may declare that a liver patient is ineligible for liver transplant.