In any significant, government enlisted brokerage business organization, the maximum limit for the portfolio leverage is defined by the limits set by the foreign direct investment (FDI). This limit however varies depending upon the sector, of which the firm is a part of. There are two additive restrictions put up on the portfolio investment. Firstly, the net limit of the leverage sanctioned by every foreign institutional investors along with their sub-accounts in any organization, is determined at 24% of the total paid up asset.
However the paid-up capital money can also be elevated up to the sector cap. However this definitely needs the approbation of the organization’s share holders and boards. The second restriction is that, every single foreign institutional investor, is strictly reserved, and they cannot exceed 10% of the total paid up capital money of the organization. According to the permissible regulations, a 10% ceiling is allowed on the investments for every sub account of the foreign institutional investors. But this very feeling is reduced to only 5% in case of the foreign individuals or corporations investing in that sub account. Obviously there are other regulations that also obligate limits for investment. Such limits are mostly enforced on the equity based derivatives, dealing on share exchanges.
The best stock broker firms promises massive profits in quite a lesser amount of time. Such stock broking firms also promises a great deal of advantages such as, very low brokerage charges, as well as commissions and margin rates, free mutual fund trading and exchange traded fund, efficient trading tools and options, foreign stocks, dividend reinvestment, and also investment research and banking services.
There are numerous investment opportunities for the retail foreign investors in India. The foreign individuals and the organizations can get an exposure to the Indian shares through the institutional leverages. There are a lot of India focused mutual funds, which are gradually becoming popular among a lot of retail investors. Investments can be made through a lot of ways of which the offshore instruments are one such example. The offshore instruments such as the depository receipts, the participatory notes(PNs), the American depositary receipts(ADRs), the exchange traded funds(ETFs), the Global depository receipts (GDRs), and the Exchange traded notes (ETNs) etc.
According to the Indian regulations, the participatory notes corresponding to the underlying Indian shares can be published offshore by the foreign institutional investors. However these are issued only to some regulated entities. Small investors can also invest in the American transacted receipts, which correspond to the underlying shares of a few popular Indian firm listed on Nasdaq, New York stock exchange etc. The American depository receipts are labelled in dollars, and they are subject to the ordinance of the United States Security and Exchange Commission (SEC). In a similar way the Global depository receipts are also enlisted on the European stock exchanges. But many other auspicious Indian stock exchange organizations are still not using the American depositary receipts and the Global depository receipts, in order to reach out to the offshore investors.